ACRA affirms AA-(RU) to Bank RRDB (JSC) (hereinafter, the Bank) and changes outlook to Positive. ACRA also affirms AA-(RU) to bond issues (RU000A0ZYCJ8, RU000A0ZYQX9).

The credit rating assigned to the Bank stems from its strong business profile and strong capital adequacy. The standalone creditworthiness assessment (SCA) is under certain pressure from a high concentration of both assets and funding on the Bank’s affiliates, namely, Rosneft Group companies, and the risks arising from the fast-track development strategy of the Bank. The rating is supported by a high likelihood of extraordinary support from the parent holding.

The credit rating outlook has been changed to Positive on ACRA expectations in respect of the Bank’s business expansion and diversification, and further development of the franchise under the Bank’s five-year strategy, which may push up the business profile assessment in the next 12-18 months.

Bank RRDB (JSC) is owned and controlled by Rosneft Oil Company (Rosneft), the Russia’s largest oil company and one of the largest oil companies in the world. The Bank acts as a settlements center for Rosneft and its subsidiaries. The Bank provides a wide range of services to Rosneft counterparties, clients, and employees.

Key rating assessment factors

The Bank’s business profile reflects its strong position in the banking system of Russia: the Bank ranks 10th in terms of capital and 15th in terms of assets among Russian banks; the Bank has a high-quality brand, and its operating income is highly diversified. The business profile is still affected by the specific market niche of the Bank, as currently it is focused on servicing the fuel and power companies, but ACRA expects that the Bank will diversify its business and expand to other business lines. ACRA also takes into account the long-term risks associated with the Bank’s fast-track development strategy, which provides for a rapid increase in assets and an expansion of business lines, as well as the Bank’s entry into the list of the largest Russian banks.

The Bank acts as a temporary administrator of Peresvet Bank (the process is supposed to take 15 years). ACRA estimates the Bank’s engagement in the rehabilitation as neutral in terms of its creditworthiness, since the rehabilitation is carried out with the participation of creditors.

ACRA estimates the Bank’s capital adequacy as strong, which is positive for the SCA. In its audited IFRS financial statements, the Bank did not disclose the Tier 1 ratio. Аs of June 1, 2018, the RAS N1.2 capital adequacy ratio was 22.0%. ACRA assumes that, in the long term, the capital adequacy ratio will remain at the level that ensures high capacity to absorb potential credit risks. According to the ACRA stress test, the Bank currently demonstrates an exceptionally high capability to absorb credit risks on the 12 to 18-months horizon, even taking into account the expected significant increase in the loan portfolio.

Satisfactory risk profile assessment reflects still very low level of non-performing loans, combined with the loan portfolio concentration on the fuel and power companies. According to the Bank’s IFRS statements, as of January 1, 2018, 1.4% of the total loan portfolio accounted for NPL90+. The Bank’s strategy includes a significant increase in lending to new borrowers from various sectors of the economy, but the quality of new loans has yet to be confirmed in the coming years, given the specific risks inherent to such industries.

The Bank’s portfolio of securities is characterized by a good quality and diversification, as the portfolio includes bonds issued by the Government of the Russian Federation and quasi-sovereign borrowers, as well as by the largest Russian non-financial corporations and banks.

Funding and liquidity is assessed as adequate, which is caused by a short-term liquidity surplus in base case scenario and its minor deficit in stress scenario and independence from regulatory funding.

At the same time, a very high funding concentration on Rosneft and related companies has a restraining effect on this factor. The Bank’s strategy assumes a gradual funding diversification through corporate customers mainly, but ACRA does not expect radical changes in the funding structure on the 12 to 18-months horizon.

The credit rating takes into account a high likelihood of support from the parent company, therefore, SCA is adjusted 3 notches up.

ACRA believes that Rosneft is has strong creditworthiness and sufficient resources to provide the capital and liquidity for the Bank, if necessary. ACRA notes that in recent years the shareholder has significantly recapitalized the Bank, which confirms the shareholder’s commitment to actively develop the Bank’s business in the long term. The high likelihood of support is also due to a deep operational integration between the Bank and Rosneft.

The assessment of the likelihood of support is currently restricted by a relatively small size of the Bank relative to the assets and operating income of the supporting organization, and the absence of guarantees and cross-default obligations on the part of the supporting organization.

Key assumptions

  • The credit risk costs will remain 2–3% within the 12 to 18-month horizon;
  • NPL90+ will not exceed 5% within the 12 to 18-month horizon;
  • Tier-1 capital adequacy (N1.2) is above 12%.

Potential outlook or rating change factors

The Positive outlook assumes that the rating will most likely be upgraded within the 12 to 18-month horizon.

A positive rating action may be prompted by:

  • Successful development of the Bank and further implementation of its five-year strategy;
  • Decreased loan portfolio concentration on affiliates and stably low level of non-performing loans;
  • Increased funding sources diversification.

A negative rating action may be prompted by:

  • Substantial growth of non-performing loans;
  • Substantial decrease in returns and capital adequacy (N1.2 below 12%);
  • Significant shrink in the functions and importance of the Bank within the Rosneft group.

Rating components

SCA: а-.

Adjustments: Group influence: 3 notches up to SCA.

Issue ratings

Bank RRDB (JSC) (ISIN RU000A0ZYCJ8), maturity date: October 12, 2020, issue volume:
RUB 10 bln, — AA-(RU).

Bank RRDB (JSC) (ISIN RU000A0ZYQX9), maturity date: July 30, 2021, issue volume:
RUB 5 bln, — AA-(RU).

Credit rating rationale. The issue represents senior unsecured debt of Bank RRDB (JSC). Due to the absence of either structural or contractual subordination of the issue, ACRA ranks it pari passu with other existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated debt obligations of the Bank. According to the ACRA methodology, the credit rating of the issue is equivalent to that of Bank RRDB (JSC), i.e. AA-(RU).

Regulatory disclosure

The credit ratings were assigned to Bank RRDB (JSC) and bonds (ISIN RU000A0ZYCJ8, ISIN RU000A0ZYQX9) issued by Bank RRDB (JSC) under the national scale for the Russian Federation based on the Methodology for Credit Ratings Assignment to Banks and Bank Groups Under the National Scale for the Russian Federation, the Methodology for Analyzing Member Company Relationships Within Corporate Groups, and the Key Concepts Used by the Analytical Credit Rating Agency Within the Scope of Its Rating Activities. To assign a credit rating to the above bond issues the Methodology for Assigning Credit Ratings to Individual Issues of Financial Instruments under the National Scale of the Russian Federation was also applied.

The credit rating assigned to Bank RRDB (JSC) was first published by ACRA on July 25, 2017. The credit rating and its outlook are expected to be revised within one year following the rating action date (July 19, 2018).

The credit ratings assigned to the above bonds were first published by ACRA on October 9, 2017 (ISIN RU000A0ZYCJ8), and January 31, 2018 (ISIN RU000A0ZYQX9). The credit ratings are expected to be revised within one year following the rating action date (July 19, 2018).

The assigned credit rating is based on the data provided by Bank RRDB (JSC), information from publicly available sources, as well as ACRA’s own databases. The rating analysis was performed using IFRS consolidated statements of Bank RRDB (JSC) and statements of Bank RRDB (JSC) composed in compliance with the Bank of Russia Ordinance No. 4212-U dated November 24, 2016. The credit rating is solicited, and Bank RRDB (JSC) participated in its assignment.

No material discrepancies between the provided data and the data officially disclosed by Bank RRDB (JSC) in its financial statements have been discovered.

ACRA provided no additional services to Bank RRDB (JSC). No conflicts of interest were discovered in the course of credit rating assignment.

Disclosure of deviations from the approved methodologies. The funding sources diversification assessment is adjusted upward, as the effect of concentration on corporate funding sources is taken into account in the assessment of concentration on key customers, including Rosneft companies.

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Mikhail Polukhin
Director, Financial Institutions Ratings Group
+7 (495) 139 03 47
Irina Nosova
Director, Financial Institutions Ratings Group
+7 (495) 139 04 81
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